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Відділ освіти артемівської міської ради міський методичний кабінет опис педагогічного досвіду вчителя англійської мови артемівського навчально-виховного комплексу

Відділ освіти артемівської міської ради міський методичний кабінет опис педагогічного досвіду вчителя англійської мови артемівського навчально-виховного комплексу




Сторінка15/16
Дата конвертації10.03.2017
Розмір1.75 Mb.
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Exercise 1. Fill in the gaps with the correct particle.

  1. Harry has taken it …….. himself to organise everything without talking to us first.

  2. I'm going to stop going to the classes. They take …. too much time.

  3. We are going to take ……. the old floor in the kitchen and put in a wooden one.

  4. I'm thinking of taking …… yoga. It will help me relax.

  5. He took ……$1000 from his savings account to pay for his car.

  6. My parent's factory was taken …….by a large group that wanted production locally.

  7. She had to take everything ……..of her handbag before she found her papers.

  8. Rafael takes …….as Managing Director in June when Pierre retires.

  9. I took the children ……for the day to the beach.

  10. He's going to take…. that job offer and move to the office in London.

  11. When he's fed up, he takes his anger ……..on his family.

  12. When Pete had to leave, I took ……the story where he had finished.

  13. I don't know whether to take my parents …….on their offer of a loan to buy my car.

  14. I had to take the sleeves a couple of inches as my arms are not as long as yours.

  15. He took……. with a rough gang of boys who lived just down the street.

  16. I took her…… on what she said because I didn't think it was true.

  17. She took me ………..the house and showed me all the changes they had made.

  18. Take that……….! I don't want it in here.

  19. I took Jim ……….the schedule and explained how it works.

  20. Security was very strict in the airport; they even took…….. my bottle of water!

  21. I didn't think she'd take…….. it but she seems to love it.

  22. When you've finished using it, can you take it ……..to the kitchen and put it away, please?

  23. Don't be taken…… by all the publicity. It's a very expensive product.

  24. He was in shock and couldn't take……. what people were saying to him.

  25. I wish he would take……. his sunglasses so we can see his eyes.

  26. Now the election is over, all the posters have been taken…….

  27. I'm going to take a couple of days ……to visit my parents.

  28. I was completely taken …..by him. I believed everything he said.

  29. I'll take it…… and get it cleaned.

  30. Can you take that……, please? It shouldn't be up here in your bedroom.

  31. I hate taking……. I can't see how the plane can get off the ground.

  32. We need to take …….a couple of extra sales people as business is growing very fast.

  33. We can't take…… any more new clients. We have too many already.

  34. He is good at Maths. He doesn't take …….me!

  35. Shall we take a bottle………..? That is always appreciated.

  36. She took Danny ……… and explained what she wanted him to do.

  37. The machine needs taking ……..and cleaning and oiling then it'll work.

TURN

turn against

to change opinion to not liking or agreeing with someone or something

Since they declared war, the country has turned against the government.

turn around

to turn so that you are facing the opposite direction

When I'm speaking to you, turn around and look at me.

turn someone away

to refuse them entry to a place

We only have fifty places so we have to turn people away every day.

turn away

to refuse to help someone

Nobody is turned away. We help everyone who comes to us.

turn back

  1. to fold a part of something so that it covers another part

  2. to return to the place you came from

  3. to change your plans

She marked her place in the book by turning back the page.

The road was impassable after the snow so we had to turn back.

There was no turning back once she had said she was going to do it.


turn down

  1. to refuse something

  2. to reduce the amount of heat or sound produced

He was offered a job there but he turned it down as it was too far from home.

Turn the TV down. It is far too loud.



turn in

  1. to give something to someone in authority to deal with it

  2. to go to bed

  3. to produce results, usually very good results

To get a new driver's license, I had to turn in my old one.

It's very late; I'm going to turn in.

The company turned in its best results yet. Turnover is up 20% on last quarter.


turn into

to change and become something different

If we are not careful, this little setback could turn into a major problem.

turn off

  1. to use a switch to stop something working

  2. to leave a road to travel on a different one

Before you go up to bed, remember to turn the TV off.

After a couple of miles, you turn off the main road and go down a little lane.



turn on

  1. to use a switch to start something working

  2. to attack or criticise someone

First thing I do in the morning, is turn on my computer and the coffee machine.

They had always supported the Prime Minister but now they have turned on him.



turn out

  1. to have a particular result

  2. to produce, often in big quantities

  3. to go and participate at or watch an event

We had a very good afternoon. The weather turned out well.

They turn out hundreds every day which they sell all over the country.

Thousands turned out to see the Queen when she opened the new hospital.


turn over

  1. to move yourself or something so that you or it are facing in the opposite direction

  2. to give something to someone in authority

I'd like to see the other side. Can you turn it over, please?

During the investigation all the documents were turned over to the police.



turn round

  1. to make a business profitable after an unsuccessful period

  2. to change the way something is expressed or considered

It lost a lot of money last year but the new management have turned it round.

Let's turn that question round and look at it from a different point of view.



turn to

  1. to ask for help or sympathy

  2. to focus on something

I need help and I don't know who to turn to.

Let's turn our attention to the question of finance next.



turn up

  1. to increase the amount of something, especially heat or volume

  2. to arrive at a place

  3. to arrive when not expected

It is cold in here. Can you turn up the heating, please?

He finally turned up at my house half an hour late.



You'll find a job. I'm sure something will turn up quite soon.

Exercise 1. Fill in the gaps with the correct particle.

  1. I can't hear it. Can you turn it…….., please?

  2. You don't need to book. You can just turn ……….and buy a ticket at the door.

  3. I forgot to pick up the street map and guide book so we had to turn……… and go get them.

  4. I recognised him even from behind. He didn't need to turn …………..so I could see his face.

  5. She doesn't seem to have any friends to turn……… when she needs help.

  6. When we arrived in the room, the maid had turned ………..the bedcovers.

  7. Let's move on and turn ………an important problem we are facing – drop in sales.

  8. He's my nephew; I can't turn him …………without giving him some money.

  9. I was so pleased with the food. Even the cakes turned ……..perfectly.

  10. He is always spreading nasty stories in an attempt to turn everyone …………….me.

  11. That race of dog is very unpredictable; they can suddenly turn ……..you.

  12. A very high percentage of voters turned ………. to vote at the last elections.

  13. The restaurant has a strict dress code. It turns …………anyone in shorts and T-shirt.

  14. He always turns what I say………………. to make me look stupid.

  15. The new machines in production mean we can turn ………… twice as many at half the price.

  16. Jane didn't call to ask if she could come, she just turned ………. and stayed the weekend.

  17. All political parties promise to turn the economy ………………if elected but they never do!

  18. Don't turn ………. the light in the hall. I usually leave it on all night.

  19. There was an amnesty and you could turn ………. guns and knives without any consequence.

  20. It's rather hot in here. Shall I turn the heating …………….now?

  21. We have invested a lot of time and money in this project, there's no turning ………….. now.

  22. Come on, let's turn………. and get a good night's sleep.

  23. Turn ………… and lie on your back.

  24. I turned …………. an invitation to dinner to come and spend the evening with you.

  25. They were turned ………….to the immigration authorities as soon as they landed at the airport.

  26. It was dark in the house when I went in. Nobody had turned the lights………...

  27. All of the students turned…………. excellent work this term.

  28. The old warehouses along the river have been turned ………….very expensive flats.

  29. You turn ……….. the motorway at junction 6 and follow the signs to the airport.

KEEP

keep at something

to continue doing something even if it is hard or unpleasant

Learning phrasal verbs is hard so you have to keep at it every day.

keep back

to not use or give away all of something

Keep back some of the cream to put on top of the dessert.

keep down

to stop the number or level of something from rising

If we want to make a profit this year, we have to keep costs down as much as possible.

keep off

  1. to prevent, to avoid

  2. to not talk about a particular subject

Please keep off the grass.

He started talking about it. I tried to keep off the subject.



keep on

to continue with something

I asked him to stop but he just kept on.

keep out of

to not get involved in something

It's not my business. I keep out of their arguments.

keep to

to stay on a subject when talking

Can you keep to the point, please?

keep up

to go at the same speed as someone or something

She was walking so fast that I couldn't keep up with her.

Exercise 1. Fill in the gaps with the correct particle.

  1. He can't keep……… the question of climate change, he never stops talking about.

  2. We don't have much time so can we keep……… the agenda, please?

  3. I had to finish so I kept……….. it for an hour before I took a break.

  4. Keep ……… the motorway in the morning, there are always traffic jams at that time.

  5. I've got too much to do at the moment. I can't keep……….. with my work.

  6. I try to eat well and exercise regularly to keep my weight……………..

  7. It's got nothing to do with me. I'm keeping …………of it.

  8. All night long he kept…………asking me questions about it.

  9. We kept………. some of the money for emergencies.

  10. I can’t keep up with all the changes.

  11. Nothing is more irritating than people who don’t keep top the point.

  12. Keep the baby out of the sun.

  13. Wages are not keeping up with inflation.

Exercise 2. Choose the correct particle.

  1. That child seems incapable of keeping ….. of mischief.

  1. in, b) on, c) out d) up .

  1. Keep your hands ….. me!

  1. off, b) back, c) out of, d) at.

  1. Will you keep …… helping him?

  1. at, b) on , c)back, d) up.

  1. Come on, keep…. it, you’ve nearly finished!

  1. at, b) down, c|) out d) away.

  1. They lit a fire to keep …… wild animals.

  1. back, b) off, c) on, d) off.

  1. You should keep ….. some bread in case we are hungry.

  1. at, b)on, c) back d)up.

  1. The rain kept….. all night.

a)on, b)off, c)at, d)under.

  1. Keep your voice….. I don’t want anyone else to hear.

a)up, b)off, c)in, d) down.

  1. It’s best to keep …. politics when my is around.

a)on, b) off , c)up, d)out.

  1. I am trying to keep … fatty foods.

a)on, b) off , c)in, d)out.

CALL

call back

  1. to ask to return from one situation to a previous one

  2. To telephone a person who called previously

  3. to recall defective products for repair

The management has decided to call the dismissed workers back.

I will call you back.

The company has decided to call back all laptops affected by the chipset issue.


call down


to reprimand

He was called down by the teacher.

call for 

  1. to demand, require

  2. to go to collect something

It is a job that calls for a great deal of patience.

The courier called for your parcel, but I told him it wasn't ready yet.  

call forth 

to evoke, to elicit

That song calls forth fond memories.

call in 

  1. to visit

  2. to summon for assistance

Call in next time you're in town.

Let’s call in the doctor.



call off 

to cancel, postpone

The meeting was called off.

call on 

  1. to visit

  2. to ask a student a question in class

  3. to ask for help




He called on me yesterday.

The teacher called on Scott who knew the answer, fortunately.

He called on me for help.

call up 

  1. to recollect, raise

  2. to summon for military service 

  3. to telephone

The old man could not call up past events.

He was called up to active duty when the war broke out.

Why don't you call up a friend and see if they want to go to town with us?

call upon 

to order, require

I call upon you to tell the truth.

call round 

to visit

I'll call round in the evening if that's ok?

call out

  1. to say aloud

  2. to order workers to strike

He called out the results.

The trade union called the workers out to protest against low wages.



Exercise 1. Fill in the gaps with the correct particle.

  1. Call me ……when you get there.

  2. She called …… his name but there was no answer.

  3. The concert was called ……. because of rain.

  4. I'll call you…….. as soon as I hear anything.

  5. He called me ……….. this morning.

  6. It's too late to call ……..the ceremony now.

  7. I've just called ………to see if you needed anything. 

  8. We can't afford to call ......a technician every time the washing-machine breaks down.

  9. Can you ask her to call me……., please?

  10. The situation got out of hand and the Army had to be called……….

  11. I must call her……. when we get to the office.

  12. We had to call ………a doctor.

  13. An emergency like this calls ……..some pretty drastic action.

  14. As we were in the area, we called ……….my sister-in-law.

  15. When can I call……… my book?

  16. The army called ……..the reserve soldiers when the war broke out.

  17. The President called ……..the wealthy countries for financial aid after the floods destroyed much of the country's agriculture.

  18. The Opposition party called …….the minister's resignation after the scandal broke.

  19. We called ………..the Jones family last Sunday afternoon.

  20. The principal called …….an explanation from the boy.

  21. I called him ………as soon as I got to a phone to tell him the news.

  22. They have called the match………….

  23. The tsunami in Indonesia called ………a great deal of humanitarian aid from around the world.

  24. We had to call……… a plumber because our drain was clogged.

  25. The reunion was called…….. because not enough people could attend.

  26. The Smiths called ……..last night and we had a pleasant visit.

HAND

hand 

in 


  1. to give to somebody in charge

  2.  to say officially that you havedecided to leave your job

The Guerrilla have agreed to hand in their weapons.

 He's already handed in his notice.

hand 

on 


  1. to give to somebody who is younger or who comes later

  2. to give to somebody who is next to you

Over the course of time, the story was handed on verbally from one generation to another.

hand 

out 


to distribute


He was handing out free tickets for the concert.

hand down

to pass on (by tradition, inheritance...)

My clothes were handed down to me by my older sister.

hand back

to return

She read the article and then handed it back.

hand over

to give to someone in authority

The boy was forced to hand over the mobile phone he had stolen.

hand off

to give (something) to another person 

The quarterback handed off the ball to the halfback. 

Exercise 1. Fill in the gaps with the correct particle.

  1. The officer handed memy passport ……….

  2. Please hand …. your keys when you leave the hotel.

  3. The robbers told the clerk to hand …………all the money.

  4. They will hand……..copies of the newsletter today. 

  5. All essays must be handed ……… by Tuesday.

  6. He's always handing………. advice to the people he works with.

  7. These stories have been handed ……..from generation to generation.

  8. She handed flyers ……… at the grocery store.

  9. The minister handed …….his resignation when it was known that he was implicated in the scandal.
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  • Exercise 1. Fill in the gaps with the correct particle.
  • Exercise 2. Choose the correct particle.