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Відділ освіти артемівської міської ради міський методичний кабінет опис педагогічного досвіду вчителя англійської мови артемівського навчально-виховного комплексу

Відділ освіти артемівської міської ради міський методичний кабінет опис педагогічного досвіду вчителя англійської мови артемівського навчально-виховного комплексу




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Дата конвертації10.03.2017
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Task 14

Underwater sleuth

Robed Ballard encounters much danger in his job as detective. He is not the usual kind of detective you are familiar with. He looks for clues in the oceans and seeks scientific adventure with other oceanographers.

Exciting scientific discovery is waiting for the curious on the ocean floor. Ballard was the first to dive to the Mid-Ocean Ridge, the world's longest mountain range which runs 36,000 miles across the floors of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. In 1977r he made his greatest discovery near the Galapagos Islands. Diving 8,000 feet below the sea, Ballard discovered cracks or hydrothermal vents, which spewed hot mineral water. In complete darkness, giant worms and clams fed on the minerals. His discovery repre­sented the deepest eco-system ever found.

Ballard specializes in finding and exploring shipwrecks- In 1985, he spent months bounc­ing sound waves off the Atlantic Ocean floor until he found the famous Titanic. A remote-control camera spotted the 46,000-ton wreck that had been buried under water for 73 years, His published photographs of the broken ship made him famous. Also in the Atlantic, he found the Bismarck, a German battleship sunk in World War II. He also explored the British luxury liner, the Lusitania ,sunk by the Germans during World War I, In the Mediterranean, he located the remains of several ancient Roman boats.

But danger lurks beneath these deep bod­ies of water. On one dive, 9.000 feet down in the Atlantic Ocean. Ballard nearly lost his life when his oxygen mask failed to operate. His crew was probing an underwater mountain when fire spontaneously broke out, filling the craft with smoke. A frantic Ballard cried for help; luckily another scientist was able to turn on Ballard's mask for him. Another time, Ballard crashed his submersible craft into an underwater volcano. He skillfully piloted the damaged craft to the surface, quite shaken by the experience. Because of the dangers, he prefers to send down remote-control robots to explore the deepest waters.

Ballard likes to share his knowledge with others. He began the Jason Project which connects students with live broadcasts of scientific explorations. Students are able to ask questions and operate an underwater probe by remote control. In addition, Ballard acts as a consultant for a weekly television series about a submarine crew in the 21st century Ballard is pleased that through his accomplishments and programs, he is helping to debunk the notion that scientists and engineers are nerds

The earth's surface is nearly 75 percent water, yet less than one percent of that area has been explored. Ballard feels that the oceans are the "true frontier" and has proven himself to be a master explorer.

1.Find the English equivalents to the following words and phrases (3 points) :

Забобони, протягом історії , людське суспільство, гарантувати безпеку або щастя, різновид магії, новонароджена дитина , в’янути, уникнути невдачі, без жодних зусиль, виючий собака, розсипати сіль, почувати невпевненість , стиль життя.



2.State whether the statements are true or false (6 points ) :

1. Very few people act superstitiously.

2. Superstitions have been found in every human society.

3. A person born on a Friday will always be graced with good luck.

4. A person observe superstitions to ensure safety or happiness.

5. A sick person should be given cut flowers as a sign of future recovery.

6. In some cases the effects of bad signs can be reversed with an action.

3. Answer the questions:

1. What is superstition?

2. What important milestones do some superstitions focus on ?

3. Why should a sick person be given a ported plant?

4. Why was the custom of throwing rice at weddings initiated?

5. What do sign superstitions foretell?

6. How long will superstitions continue to thrive and be created ?

4.Write a short essay about the most widely spread superstitions in your country and your attitude to them ( 12 points) .

Task 15

Camping Cousins

Al was the coolest, smoothest dude in all of Minneapolis, Minnesota, and he was my cousin. By the age of 19, Al was a star hockey player on a scholarship at the University of Minnesota and had earned the rank of Eagle Scout. I wanted to be just like him. So when Al asked me to accompany him on a spring fishing trip in northern Minnesota, I was elated!

After planning the trip, we gathered gear and supplies, and embarked on our adven­ture. We reached the Superior National Forest in northern Minnesota by early evening. We slipped our loaded canoe into the sparkling clear water and paddled straight to our campsite. We set up camp as the sun was setting, and talked about our plans for fishing the next day.

Al, the former Boy Scout, knew all the tricks of an experienced wilderness camper. After we gathered enough wood from the forest floor, he started the campfire using only flint and steel—no matches. For supper we feasted on freeze-dried buffalo, bear stew, beef jerky, hardtack (a hard bread), wild rice, and pea soup. I ate greedily after all that work.

Exhausted, we crawled into our sleeping bags early. Al entertained me with tales of past camping adventures. We were still talking quietly when a sudden north wind picked up, the temperature dropped, and it began to snow. Always alert and innovative, Al found a way to increase the temperature inside the tent. He dragged a log from the woods to the opposite side of the campfire, and laid it across some rocks so it would be off the ground. Then he wrapped aluminum foil around the log. The heat from the fire reflected off the foil and into the tent. The tent became so toasty that I was able to lie on top of my sleeping bag. Soon thoughts of lake trout filled my dreams!

The snow had stopped, but sometime later powerful winds kicked up the flames of our dying fire. I was still engrossed in dreams of a 20-pound fish when I was abruptly awak­ened by Al. A spark had ignited our tent, and flames had begun engulfing it. Frightened by the flames, I bolted out the tent opening! The tent collapsed with Al inside. Without any thought of endangering myself, I reached into the burning tent, grabbed him, and dragged him to the icy lake. Frightened and bewildered, we checked ourselves and were relieved to find we were not seriously hurt.

Later as we stood by the blazing tent to keep warm, we considered the predicament we were in. We were in the middle of no­where, with only underwear on our slightly charred, shivering bodies, and all our sup­plies grilled to ashes. Even Al was unsure of what to do next.

Suddenly, we heard a noise in the forest that sounded like an approaching motor. Anxiously we listened and stared into the darkness intently. Soon we spotted a Jeep ' traveling down the forest trail. A forest ranger had spied the fire and came to investi­gate. We quickly jumped into the warm vehicle as the forester drove us to the ranger station where we put on jackets and called our parents.

Al and I had many more camping experi­ences together, but this one was a turning point for us. It was after this adventure that Al began to treat me more as a friend than as a younger cousin, a bond that still holds to this day.

1.Find the English equivalents to the following words and phrases (3 points) :

Спроводжувати, збирати обладнання та припаси, веслувати, досвідчений турист,виснажений, думка про загрожуючи небезпеку, вглядатися в темряву, розслідувати, згоріти на попіл, наближаючись, відноситись до когось.



2. Answer the questions ( 9 points ) :

1. Who was a star hockey player?

2. How did the boys get to their campsite?

3. Why did they get to sleep early?

4. How did the weather change?

5. Why was the tent set on fire ?

6. Who came to the boys’ rescue?

Task 16


A STORY TOLD BY A GIRL CALLED SIMA

I agreed with other girls to go to the cinema on Saturday eve­ning. We could not get tickets for the six o’clock show and that’s why Lera bought tickets for the eight o’clock show. At first my parents did not want me to go out so late. Then they let me go and told me to come home as soon as the film ended.

When we were going to enter the cinema-hall we saw that our tickets were for the ten o’clock show... We were very angry with Lerka but she explained to us that it wasn’t her mistake.

Then we discussed what to do. At last we decided to go to the ten o’clock show. You see, it just turned out that way...

And then there was such a row at home that I cannot describe it. My parents threatened not to let me go out in the evening till the end of the school year.

Do you think that is right?”

Now let’s think how to answer Sima’s question.

Some young people say too often, “I didn’t want to do that. It just turned out that way...” They think that it is a very good formula because it explains everything.

You haven’t prepared your homework — it just turned out that way.

You did not come to school — it just turned out that way. You have offended somebody — it just turned out that way.

So let’s that if you say “it just turned out that way”, you will never learn to accept responsibility for what you do.

A story told by a girl called Sima



Variant 1

Read the text and find the main idea of each paragraph.

A. Punishment.

B. The girls’ decision.

C. Wrong tickets.

D. The parents’ attitude.

E. How to behave in such situations.

F. Learn to be responsible.



Variant 2

Answer the following questions by choosing the best answer.

1) When did they go to the cinema?



  1. on Sunday evening; C. on weekend;

  2. B. last Saturday; D. on Saturday evening.

2) Was it a problem to get tickets for the six o’clock show?

  1. Yes, they did. C. Yes, they could.

  2. B. Yes,it was. D. No, they couldn’t.

3) What show did Lera buy tickets for?

  1. for six o’clock show; C. for ten o’clock show;

  2. B. for eight o’clock show; D. for seven o’clock show.

4) Why did her parents punish her?



  1. it was very late; C. she didn’t come in time;

  2. B. she didn’t tell the truth; D.she stayed at her friend’s place.

She bought tickets for ten o’clock.

5) What was Lera’s punishment?



  1. limited pocket money; C. no meetings with her friends;

no going out at school time; . D. no going out in the evening.

6) What is bad in saying |”It just turned out that way”?



A.you blame smbd; C.you do not accept responsibility;

B.you feel like an adult; D. you are kidding.

Variant 3

Read the text and state if the statements are true or false.

1) Lera bought tickets for six o’clock show.

2) At last they decided to go at ten o’clock.

3) Her parents decided not to let her go out in the evening till the end of the school year.

4) Young people don’t often say “I did not want to do that”.

5) If you follow this way ,you will never learn to accept responsibility for what you do.

6) Sima was disappointed.

Keys

Variant1


1

2

3

4

5

D

C

B

A

F

Variant 2

1

2

3

4

5

6

D

B

B

C

D

C

Variant3

1

2

3

4

5

6

F

T

T

F

T

F

Task 17

HOW TO BECOME BRAVE

All boys and girls want to become brave. We learn about brave people from newspapers, magazines, books, films, and TV pro­grammes. We are proud of them.

But what do we know about brave people?

Well, first of all, they are not afraid of danger and they are not afraid of difficult work. Brave people always remember their ideals and principles and help people. They are not afraid to tell other people their own opinion if they believe that it is correct. Brave actions are necessary and very important when they are useful for people and our country.

All the world could see not only the heroism of soldiers during the Great Patriotic War, but also the heroism of the whole population. You remember, of course, that the people of our hero- cities fought bravely against the fascists.

You may ask about how to become brave. Well, open any book about a famous hero and you will see how much he worked on his character. Yuri Gagarin, for example, worked many years before he could say, “I see the Earth!”

As the poet Mikhail Svetlov said, there may be no courageous exploit in your life. But it is important to prepare for one all the time.

Variant 1

Complete the text below by choosing the best answer .

1) Brave people … remember their ideals

a) always b) sometimes c) never

2) … said, there may be no courageous exploit in your life.



a) Mikhail Svetlov b) teacher c) Yuri Gagarin

3) Yuri Gagarin worked many … before he could say, «I see the Earth»



a) months b) years c) days

4) Open … about a famous hero and you will see how much he worked on his character.



a) the magazine b) the book c) the newspaper

5) «I see …»



a) the Mars b) the Sun c) the Earth

6) … want to become brave.



a) Mikhail Svetlov and Yuri Gagarin b) teachers c) all boys and girls


Variant 2



Answer the following questions by choosing the best answer.

1) Who wants to become brave?

a) noone; c) only boys;

b) all boys and girls: d) mostly teens.

2) Where do we learn from about brave people?

a)from films; c) from newspapers, books and films;

b) from TV; d) from friends.

3) What do we know about brave people?

a) they aren’t afraid of danger; c) they fight all the time;

b) and they aren’t afraid of difficult work; d) both a and c.

4) What do brave people always remeber?

a)their parents; c)their ideas and principles;

b)good and bad sides of life; d) their ideas and priniciples and help people.

5) Yuri Gagarin worked many years before he could say, «I see the Earth», didn’t he?

a)Yes,he was. c)Yes,he had.

b)Yes, he did. d)no,he didn't.

6) When are brave actions necessary?

a)when you face some difficults; c)when somebody needs help:



b)when they are useful for people and our country; d) every day.
Variant 3

Read the text and state if the statements are true or false.

1) Only boys want to become brave.

2) All the world could see only the heroism of soldiers during the Great Patriotic War.

3) Yuri Gagarin worked many years before he could say, «I see the Sun» ( False)

4) It is important to prepare for one all the time.

5) The people of our hero-cities fought bravely against the fascists.

6) Brave people always remember their ideals.

Keys


Variant1

1

2

3

4

5

6

a

a

b

b

c

c

Variant 2

1

2

3

4

5

6

b

c

d

d

b

b

Variant3

1

2

3

4

5

6

F

F

F

T

T

T

Task 18

MISS EVANS

(After F. M. Mainwaring)

On a beautiful afternoon, in a year now long gone, a big ship set out on its first voyage from England to America. It was a new ship called the ‘Titanic”.



For two days the “Titanic” went on its way over the sea. Then it entered an ice-field and was hit by an iceberg.

Everyone was told to come out of their rooms. Men were putting the lifeboats over the sides of the ship, down into the water. Then all the men helped the women and children to get into the lifeboats.

There was not very much time left. The iceberg was on one side of the ship. It was like a high, white wall.

A woman came to the side of the ship. Her two children were in one of the lifeboats, and she was very much afraid.

“My children are in the lifeboat. I must go with them!” the woman called to the people in the lifeboat.



There’s no more room,” someone called out. “If we take one more, the lifeboat will sink,”

There was a young woman in the lifeboat called Miss Evans. When she heard the woman calling, she stood up in the lifeboat and touched one of the men on the arm.

“Let me get back on to the ship,” she said. “Let that woman take my place. I have no children.”

“The ship is sinking,” said the man. “You know that?”

“Yes,” said Miss Evans, “I know that.”



There was no time to talk. People helped Miss Evans to get back on to the ship. Very soon after that there was a great noise, and the “Titanic” went down under the water.

MissEvans

Variant 1

Answer the following questions by choosing the best answer.

1. Was it a new ship called the "Titanic"?

A.No,it wasn't. C.Yes, it was.

B.Yes,they were. D. No,it didn't.

2. How long was "Titanic" on its way over the sea?



A. for some days C. for a long time

B. for two days D. for a month

3. How did the men help ?



A. they were in panic C. they helped the women and children

B. they kept the balance D. they tried to save their own lives

4. Why did a woman come to the lifeboat ?



A.her children were in it C. she wanted to save her children

B.she wanted to take her children D. she was in panic

5. Why did Miss Evans go back on to the ship?



A. she didn't want to go C. she gave the woman her room in the boat

B. she had met the woman before D. her husband was there

6. What happened then?



A."Titanic" sank C. all people were saved

B."Titanic" broke into pieces D. the people in lifeboats had more chances to survive

Variant 2

Read the text and state if the statements are true or false.

1. It was a new ship called the "Tatyana".

2. For two days the ship went on its way over the sea.

3. Everyone was told to come out of their rooms.

4. Iceberg was like a small, white wall.

5. A woman came to the side of the ship.

6. People didn't help Miss Evans to get back on to the ship



Variant 3

Complete the text below by choosing the best answer .

1. It was a new ship called the ...

a) Tatyana b) Titanic c) Argentina

2. For...days the "Titanic" went on its way over the sea.

a) one b) two c) four

3. It ... like a high, white wall.

a) are b) were c) was

4. A ... came to the side of the ship.

a) woman b) man c) was

5. There was a young woman in the lifeboat called ...

a) Mrs. Walk b) Miss Evans c)Miss Evan

6.People helped Miss Evans to get back on to the ...

a) car b) ship c) plane


Keys

Variant 1



1

2

3

4

5

6

C

B

C

A

C

A

Variant 2

1

2

3

4

5

6

F

T

T

F

T

F

Variant 3

1

2

3

4

5

6

b

b

c

a

b

b
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   16



  • 1.Find the English equivalents to the following words and phrases (3 points)
  • 2.State whether the statements are true or false (6 points )
  • 3. Answer the questions
  • 4.Write a short essay about the most widely spread superstitions in your country and your attitude to them ( 12 points) .
  • 2. Answer the questions ( 9 points )
  • TOLD BY A GIRL CALLED SIMA
  • Variant 1 Read the text and find the main idea of each paragraph.
  • Variant 2 Answer the following questions by choosing the best answer.
  • Variant 3 Read the text and state if the statements are true or false.
  • Task 17 HOW TO BECOME BRAVE
  • Variant 1 Complete the text below by choosing the best answer .
  • Answer the following questions by choosing the best answer. 1)
  • ( False) 4)
  • Task 18 MISS EVANS
  • MissEvans Variant 1
  • Variant 2 Read the text and state if the statements are true or false.
  • Variant 3 Complete the text below by choosing the best answer .