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Відділ освіти артемівської міської ради міський методичний кабінет опис педагогічного досвіду вчителя англійської мови артемівського навчально-виховного комплексу

Відділ освіти артемівської міської ради міський методичний кабінет опис педагогічного досвіду вчителя англійської мови артемівського навчально-виховного комплексу




Сторінка9/16
Дата конвертації10.03.2017
Розмір1.75 Mb.
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2. __________.This study technique may make you seem a little crazy if you attempt it in your crowded university library, but don’t knock it until you try it. You’re apparently 50 per cent more likely to remember something if you speak it out loud instead of simply reading it over and over. Why not give it a go? You'll be surprised how much more you'll be able to remember after saying it out loud.

3.___________. If you’re a psychology student, you'll be aware of theories of motivation and reward attraction. The Incentive Theory of Motivation states that we can be pulled into certain actions by outside incentives. There are many ways which you can integrate an incentive or reward system into your study habits. So, if your desire to get good exam results is too long-term to motivate you to study, try something simple such as a sweet or treat for every page read.

4.____________. If you were asked to outline the impact of the Holocaust on modern society, would you be able to explain it detail? The best way to test your understanding of a topic you have learned is to teach it to someone else. Doing this will help you figure out if there are any gaps in your knowledge that you need to fill. If no one will listen, why not teach a class of stuffed animals?

5. ___________.Steve Jobs famously said “Creativity is just connecting things. When you ask creative people how they did something, they feel a little guilty because they didn’t really do it, they just saw something”. Mind Maps are a great way to tie creativity and intelligence together by easily linking ideas for better understanding while creating a visual study guide. Creating connections and mental associations not only improves your memory, it’s the fuel of creativity and intelligence.

6. ____________.There is a reason why this font is the default one on most applications. Although there is still some debate on this topic, according to a study by Wichita University, the font was elected as being the fastest to read. If you’re planning on speed reading coming up to the exam, make sure your notes are typed or printed in this font. This will help you gather more information and form better comprehension.

7. ____________.At the end of 2013, Apple announced that 1 million apps are now available in their app store. With a huge variety of Apple, Android and web-apps – there are definitely a number of student apps that can help you study better. For example, the SelfControl app blocks distracting sites for a set amount of time. Some universities may block certain websites, but this is a great way to ensure you focus on the task at hand, getting the grades you want.

8. ___________.Google is the biggest search engine in the world and no one can deny the power that it holds. Every student will use it to search for information or academic articles on a regular basis at university. If you learn to master the Google search experience, you will save loads of time which you can use to relax. Here’s a quick tip; using site: will search for a keyword within the specified website.

9. ___________.Classical and ambient instrumental music can elevate your mood and boost your ability to engage with your study. Listening to music before your exam is also beneficial, as the correct type of music will make you feel relaxed and will put you in the right state of mind. But beware – avoid spending hours selecting the songs as this would be counterproductive.

10. ___________. If you’re stressed about your university exams, meditation can help you keep calm by reducing pre-exam jitters. Not only will it help reduce your nerves, it can help you stay focused and concentrate when studying, as it improves both mental and physical health.

A Meditation education

B Times New Roman is the fastest font to read

C Teach what you have learned

D Walk before your exams

E Talk to yourself

F Listen to classical or ambient music

G Create mental associations

H Reward yourself for studying

I Search the net like a pro

J Avoid distractions with student apps


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ANSWERS

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HEALTH TEXT 1

Task type: Matching titles

Read the article. Match the texts (1 -10) with the titles (A-J). Write your answers in the boxes below the task. How to give up sugar in ten easy steps?

A step by step guide to giving up the sweet stuff by the author of a new book on how going sugar-free transformed her body and her health



1. Sugars are in almost everything, whether they’re natural or added. The key to cutting back on yours is to understand labels. Anything that ends in –ose is a sugar. Likewise, things that have the word "syrup" in them, orfruit juice concentrate. ____

2. Honey, agave, maple syrup, coconut palm sugar. All these things may be "natural" but they’re just another version of sugar. Don’t forget too, sugar was originally a natural product coming as it does, from sugar cane. ____

3. The first place to start is in your kitchen cupboard. Bin your jars of processed sauces, any biscuits, cookies, jams, chocolate. Cordials need to go, as do flavoured yoghurts, ice creams, processed foods (most have sugar added to them) – and anything that is sweet. ____

4. Make nuts, full-fat plain yoghurts, cinnamon and fresh vegetables, organic lean meat and fish your friends. Buy a good quality olive oil, coconut oil and prepare to cook "clean" – i.e. fresh wholesome food that’s not going to be drowned in sauces or marinades. ____

5. From time to time, most of us feel a desire to eat something sweet. As well as eating cinnamon and increasing your protein intake, the key to beating cravings is to change what you see as a reward. Food shouldn’t be emotional, a "treat" or a crutch. Instead of my reward after a long hard day at work being a tub of ice cream and a glass of wine, I learnt to see the better skin and slimmer body I was attaining over the long-term as more rewarding. ____

6. Eating more protein will help you overcome sugar cravings. Happily, nuts – which are a great form of it – are an easy snack to carry around. I like to carry a handy small packs of oatcakes in my bag in case hunger strikes while I’m out and about. ____

7. The easiest thing way to handle lunches is to take the leftovers from your virtuous dinner the night before. But, if you’re caught on the hop, chains such as Prêt A Manger now do a variety of good salads with sauces on the side. Their soups are pretty good as are the little protein pots – eggs with spinach or crayfish with quinoa. _____

8. As a general rule, avoid sushi (aside from being high GI, the white rice has a sweet marinate). Fruit juices contain little of the fibrous pulp of the fruit and all of the sugar so these too need to go. Likewise granola, excessive amounts of fruit, flavoured "low-fat" products. ____

9. Friends and family need to be on your side if you’re going to win your personal war with sugar. Explain to them why you have chosen to ditch the white stuff, and why it’s important to you so they accept your new lifestyle. _____

10. Accept that you are going to fall off the wagon. Don’t beat yourself up about it, dust yourself off and start again the next day. Eating one sugary snack or having a couple of cocktails or a blow out meal isn’t the end of the world. Accept you haven’t wrecked anything, just get back on the wagon. _____

By Nicole Mowbray

A. Stock up

B. Lunches at work

C. Don’t be fooled by the natural label

D. Identify your sugars

E. Tell the people you love

F. Don’t fall into the "healthy" trap

G. To err is human

H. Chuck it out

I. Be prepared

J. Handle your cravings



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TEXT 2

Best method for brushing teeth revealed



Scrub up and down for two minutes or round in circles after every meal – different advice on how to brush your teeth is confusing adults and children alike, experts said as they outlined the best method



Researchers found a myriad of different brushing techniques from dentists and toothpaste companies which has led to confusion among patients and said the simply scrub is the best method. From a young age children are taught how to remove food debris and plaque from their teeth but even dentists disagree on the best technique, it has been found. A study discovered five different methods in dental textbooks, research papers and manuals from the toothpaste industry, with equally differing advice on how often to brush teeth and for how long. Now experts have said, forget fancy little circles, jiggling the toothbrush along the gum line or elegant downward sweeping motions, the best method is simply to scrub back and forth. Aubrey Sheiham, Emeritus Professor of Dental Public Health at University College London, senior author of the study, said: “Brush gently with a simple horizontal scrubbing motion, with the brush at a forty-five degree angle to get to the dental plaque. “To avoid brushing too hard, hold the brush with a pencil grip rather than a fist. This simple method is perfectly effective at keeping your gums healthy. The study, published in the British Dental Journal, criticised the lack of consistency in advice, particularly that children are commonly taught a different method to adults. Prof Sheiham added: “The public needs to have sound information on the best method to brush their teeth. “If people hear one thing from a dental association, another from a toothbrush company and something else from their dentist, no wonder they are confused about how to brush. In this study we found an unacceptably inconsistent array of advice from different sources. “Dental associations need to be consistent about what method to recommend, based on how effective the method is. Most worryingly, the methods recommended by dental associations are not the same as the best ones mentioned in dental textbooks. There is no evidence to suggest that complicated techniques are any better than a simple gentle scrub.” The study also found some advice to three times a day, but most recommended twice and the most commonly the advice was to brush for two minutes. Brushing for two minutes twice a day with fluoride toothpaste is best, he added, and try to brush before breakfast to avoid damaging teeth. Prof Sheiham said: “There is little point in brushing after eating sweets or sugary drinks to prevent tooth decay. It takes bacteria from food about two minutes to start producing acid, so if you brush your teeth a few minutes after eating sugary foods, the acid will have damaged the enamel.” Lead author Dr John Wainwright, who carried out the study at UCL and a practising dentist said: "The wide range of recommendations we found is likely due to the lack of strong evidence suggesting that one method is conclusively better than another. “I advise my patients to focus their brushing on areas where plaque is most likely to collect – the biting surfaces and where the teeth and gums meet – and to use a gentle scrubbing motion. All too frequently I am asked why the method I am describing differs from how previous dentists have taught them in the past. “What I feel we need is better research into what the easiest to learn, most effective and safest way to brush is. The current situation where not just individual dentists, but different dental organisations worldwide are all issuing different brushing guidelines isn't just confusing – it's undermining faith and trust in the profession as a whole. "For something most people do twice a day, you would expect dentists to send a clearer, more unified message to their patients on how to brush their teeth.” He said the purpose of the research was not to identify the best method but to highlight that there are many techniques advocated and encourage dental experts for form a consensus.

By Rebecca Smith, Medical Editor

1. The best technique of brushing teeth has been found at last.

2. The scientists give differentadvice on how often to brush teeth and for how long.

3. Brushing gently with a simple horizontal scrubbing motion, with the brush at a forty-five degree angle to get to the dental plaque will help you to keep your gums healthy.

4. It is not necessary to give the public the sound information on the best method to brush their teeth because they know it.

5. The people know how to brush their teeth correctly because they get different information from different sources.

6. The methods recommended by dental associations differ from the best ones mentioned in dental textbooks.

7. Brushing your teeth after eating sweets or sugary drinks will help you to prevent tooth decay.

8. The dentists cannot agree on the best way of brushing teeth as they don't have enough data proving that one method is better than another.

9. The current situation with different brushing guidelines strengthens faith and trust in the profession as a whole.

10. The purpose of the research was to make dental experts come to a mutual agreement on the problem.



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HISTORY TEXT 1

Task type: Banked gap-filling

Read the article. Some parts of the text are missing. Choose the most appropriate part from the list (A- J) for each gap (1 -10) in the text. Write your answers in the boxes below the task.

Roman skeleton discovery could rewrite British history

Skeletons discovered by students at Bournemouth University could tell archaeologists for the first time who was living Roman villas in the 4th century AD as the Roman Empire began to decline

For most archaeology students finding a piece of broken pottery or a glass bead is (1)________.

But undergraduates at Bournemouth University have stumbled upon a major find which could rewrite Roman history in Britain. For the first time the skeletons of a family have been uncovered at a Roman villa in Dorset field. The discovery has been described (2)________. It could provide vital clues as to who was living in Britain around 350AD when the Roman Empire was beginning to decline. Dr Miles Russell, a senior lecturer in archaeology at Bournemouth University, said: "This find is hugely significant because there have been more than 700 Roman villas found in Britain but (3)________. "Our find could lead to graves of Roman villa owners all round the country being discovered.” "Who lived in Roman villas is one of the big questions in British archaeology and we might finally be able to provide some answers." Around 85 students, mostly aged in their late teens and early 20s, made the landmark discovery (4) ____ near Winterbourne Kingston near Blandford. As part of their degree course, they had been trying to establish (5) _________. They were able to map the ground by carrying out a geophysical survey, in which low-level electrical currents are passed through the soil (6)________. To their shock they found a small enclosure around 300 feet from the villa - and after excavating the site they discovered the skeletal remains of two adult males, two adult females and an elderly female. It is thought they are three generations (7) ________ who lived in the villa around 1,700 years ago. The remains are now being analysed and it is hoped the results will give a clear picture as to who the people were. The work will form part of the students' final-year dissertations. "We want to see what sort of changes our country (8) ______ and whether the people living in Roman villas were Britons who had become Roman or Europeans who had moved to Britain to exploit the land,” said Dr Russell. "Last year we identified a Roman villa in a farmer's field near Winterbourne Kingston and after conducting a geophysical survey on the surrounding land in May we found a grave site nearby. "There were the remains of five adults in the grave dating back to the same time as the villa, so it is highly likely they were the villa owners. "There were two adult males, two adult females and an elderly female. We think they might be three generations of the same family. "Being Roman was (9) _________, and it is likely these people would have been politicians, statespeople or tax collectors. "They would have been in the top two per cent of society and super-wealthy.” The bones have been sent off for tests which will hopefully reveal their age and health. Many of the Roman villas around Britain were dug in the 19th century (10) __________ so important details have been lost. "Our find could lead to graves of Roman villa owners all round the country being discovered, added the site of the dig will be opened to the public on July 13.

By Sarah Knapton

A. as ‘hugely significant’ by experts

B. whether people who lived in Roman villas were British or European

C. of the same wealthy family

D. before now no-one has ever found their occupants

E. went through at that time

F. after carrying out a study on a corn field

G. to create a virtual picture of what lies beneath

H. the highlight of their first dig

I. before the technology to conduct geophysical surveys existed

J. all about showing your wealth and status




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TEXT 2 Task type: Multiple choice
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  • Read the article. Match the texts (1 -10) with the titles (A-J). Write your answers in the boxes below the task. How to give up sugar in ten easy steps
  • Read the article. Some parts of the text are missing. Choose the most appropriate part from the list (A- J) for each gap (1 -10) in the text. Write your answers in the boxes below the task.